April 7

NYPD Disqualification appeals

Matter of State Div. of Human Rights on Complaint of Granelle, 70 N.Y.2d 100, 103, 510 N.E.2d 799 (1987).

Here, Mr. Granelle was disqualified from employment as a NYPD Police Officer because of an asymptomatic back condition known as spondylolisthesis. The State Division of Human Rights found in his favor, but the Appellate Division dismissed his complaint. But the Court of Appeals reversed and held for Mr. Granelle.

The Division conducted an investigation and had a hearing before an Administrative Law Judge. During the hearing Mr. Granelle testified about his employment history, which most consisted heavy lifting such as working in the construction industry, laborer, and truck driver. But he stated that he never had any back problems that interfered with his jobs. He also introduced evidence from his personal physician who testified that this condition if present in about 10% of the general population and that this condition would not limit Mr. Granelle. The City used the testimony of an appeals examiner that did not conduct an examination of Mr. Granelle but opined that there was a great likelihood of low back disability in the future but there was no reliable statics regarding this. Mr. Granelle was examined by an independent orthopedist who said he his strength was normal.

The standard of review for the Court of Appeals is “when a rational basis for the conclusion adopted by the Commissioner is found, the judicial function is exhausted and is limited to determining whether the Commissioner’s finding of employment discrimination in this case is supported by substantial evidence in the record.” The court found that Mr. Granelle indeed suffers from a disability within the law. Under the statute there is an ”individualized standard“ such that the employer must demonstrate that the disability is such as would ”prevent the complainant from performing in a reasonable manner the activities involved in the job or occupation sought“, failing which, the disability may not be the basis for rejecting the applicant. The court reasoned that the City failed to show evidence that Granelle isn’t able to presently perform the tasks needed. The City argued that there was a high possibility that he would be unable to perform the needed tasks in the future but there was no reliable statistics. Ultimately the court held, “employment may not be denied based on speculation and mere possibilities, especially when such determination is premised solely on the fact of an applicant’s inclusion in a class of persons with a particular disability rather than upon an individualized assessment of the specific individual.”

For more NYPD Disqualification information visit www.sheerinlaw.com

Appealing a New York Civil Service job disqualification

Appealing a New York Civil Service job disqualification

February 8

Appeal NYPD disqualification/Civil Service Disqualification

Daubman v Nassau County Civ. Serv. Commn., 195 AD2d 602 (2nd Dept 1993).
• The applicant, a police officer, applied for a position with the police department and passed the requisite examinations. The commission determined that the applicant was disqualified from eligibility based on an X-ray that revealed the presence of a back condition. The commission’s physician speculated that the condition could render the applicant more susceptible to a serious disability if he suffered a future back injury.
• The court held that the commission unlawfully discriminated against the applicant based on his mere membership in a class of persons with the same condition instead of on an individualized assessment of his particular abilities.
• The court held that the determination was arbitrary and capricious because it was premised upon speculation regarding possible future disability rather than fact or concrete medical evidence that the applicant was rendered unfit to perform his duties as a result of his condition.
• On appeal, the court granted the applicant’s petition, annulled the determination of the commission, and reinstated the applicant to the status of an eligible candidate for the position of police officer with the county.
• The court stated that there was no showing petitioner’s condition rendered him incapable of performing in reasonable manner activities involved in being police officer. Furthermore, the court held that the Commission’s determination was premised solely upon speculation regarding possible future disability, and record contains no concrete medical evidence demonstrating petitioner would likely be rendered unfit to perform police duties in future as consequence of his condition. Most importantly, the court decided that the Commission’s determination to be arbitrary and capricious because it is premised upon speculation rather than fact.

Read about this Civil Service Disqualification case here.

Visit civilservice.sheerinlaw.com

Appealing a New York Civil Service job disqualification

Appealing a New York Civil Service job disqualification

for more information about Civil Service Disqualification Cases.

January 17

NYPD disqualification appeal process.

Here is a link to my powerpoint video describing the NYPD disqualification, FDNY disqualification, Department of Correction and other disqualification process.

Contact me by calling 516-248-3494 or email me at kevin@sheerinlaw.com

September 22

Factors considered in NYPD disqualification

When appealing an NYPD character disqualification what are the factors considered?

Frequency of violations or infractions, such as arrests, moving violations or other incidents such as school discipline or work discipline. If you were suspended or expelled from school this would work against your NYPD Police Officer application. Also if you were late or disciplined at your job this would be a problem in your application. If you were terminated from one or more jobs without a good explanation this also would be something you would have to explain.

Severity of violations or infractions. If you were arrested and charged with crimes that is, felonies or misdemeanors that would be something you would have to explain on appeal. If the disposition or final outcome of your case was dismissal or a lesser charge that could help you in your appeal.

The recency of your last violation or infraction is also important your NYPD character appeal. If it has been a decade or even five years since your last infraction that could help you showing the New York City Civil Service Commission that you have changed your behavior for the better.

The three categories do not stand alone- they are considered together in your appeal.

If you have any questions about NYPD character appeals please call my office at (888)_998-9984 to discuss your case.

Please visit my blog for further information. Civil Service Attorney for NYPD disqualifications.